Claude Shannon was an American mathematician and electronic engineer known as the “Father of Information Theory” and the “Father of Mathematical Cryptography.” He founded information theory with one landmark paper published in 1948. He also founded both digital computer and digital circuit design theory in 1937 as a 21-year-old student at MIT, with what has been called the most important master's thesis of all time. 
"Shannon described himself as an atheist and was outwardly apolitical." - Taken from the book Fortune's Formula (pp. 18, 2005) by William Poundstone.