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Henry Dunant

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Businessman and Activist.

Jean Henri Dunant (May 8, 1828 – October 30, 1910), also known as Henry Dunant, was a Swiss businessman and social activist. During a business trip in 1859, he was witness to the aftermath of the Battle of Solferino in modern day Italy. He recorded his memories and experiences in the book A Memory of Solferino which inspired the creation of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in 1863. The 1864 Geneva Convention was based on Dunant's ideas. In 1901 he received the first Nobel Peace Prize together with Frédéric Passy.


Sources:

1.) Oscar Riddle (2007). The Unleashing of Evolutionary Thought. Vantage Press, Inc. p. 343. ISBN 9780533155972. "The first Nobel Peace Prize went, in 1901, to Henri Dunant. Dunant was the founder of the Red Cross, but he could not become its first elective head-so it is widely believed- because of his agnostic views."

2.) "Devoutly Calvinist for most of his life, but became bitter and disdainful toward religion in his latter years." NNDB.com, Henry Dunant.