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Henryk Goldszmit

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Children's author and pediatrician.

Henryk Goldszmit a.k.a. Janusz Korczak (July 22, 1878 or 1879 – August 1942), was a Polish-Jewish educator, children's author, and pediatrician known as Pan Doktor ("Mr. Doctor") or Stary Doktor ("Old Doctor"). After spending many years working as director of an orphanage in Warsaw, he refused freedom and stayed with his orphans when the institution was sent from the Ghetto to Treblinka extermination camp, during the Grossaktion Warsaw of 1942.


Sources:

1.) The Month, Volume 39. Simpkin, Marshall, and Company. 1968. p. 350. "When Dr. Janusz Korczak, a Jewish philanthropist and agnostic, voluntarily chooses to follow the Jewish orphans under his care to the Nazi extermination camp in Treblinka..."

2.) Janusz Korczak (1978). Ghetto diary. Holocaust Library. p. 42. "You know I am an agnostic, but I understood: Pedagogy, tolerance, and all that."